Mysteries of the Most Holy Rosary
The Mysteries of the Rosary are meditations on episodes in the life and death of Jesus from the Annunciation to the Ascension and beyond, known as the Joyful (or Joyous) Mysteries, the Sorrowful Mysteries, the Glorious Mysteries and the Luminous Mysteries. Pope Pius XII described the rosary prayer as "the compendium of the entire Gospel."
The Joyful Mysteries focus on the joyful events related to the Incarnation of Jesus Christ. Recited on Mondays and Saturday and the Sundays in Advent.
The Sorrowful Mysteries focus on the sorrowful events related to the Passion and Death of Jesus Christ. Recited on Tuesday and Fridays and Sundays in Lent.
The Glorious Mysteries focus on the glorious events related to the Resurrection and the reigning of Christ in heaven with Our Lady.
Recited on Wednesdays and Sundays after Easter until Advent.
The Luminous Mysteries or mysteries of light (added by Pope St. John Paul II) focus on the life and ministry of Jesus Christ. Recited on Thursdays.